Brexit means Brexit – and it hurts!

British negotiators in Brussels are missing the point and will never win a good deal. Why? Because the European Union is more about politics than…


Macron returns to reform

C’est la rentrée. It is the time when France sees the annual migration of its people returning from rural or maritime retreats to the great…


Analysis: an Apple that just keeps on rising

Imagine Apple Inc. as a quintessentially huge machine fuelled by investment, converting labour into value and, via sales, into revenue and profit. John Egan looks beyond…


Moving on up the evolutionary scale

When challenging ideas take root old assumptions wither, writes Dave Rawlings. When popular uprisings swept North Africa and the Middle East in 2010 and populations…





Business School



The Labour Theory of Value

In the works of 19th century political economists, the understanding of the nature of value is of major significance. The Labour Theory of Value is…




On sustainability and profit

What determines the sustainability of your commercial enterprise? What makes it profitable? An answer is in the balance of investment into innovation and production, writes…


The energy dissipative enterprise

Here we look into the commercial activities of an enterprise through a prism of energy dissipation to understand the conversion of investment into income. The…