Encipia

The two phases of the coronavirus

July 17 marked the 200th day of counting the number of infections and deaths arising from the Covid-19 pandemic, writes Dr John Egan. This count…







Analysis: an Apple that just keeps on rising

Imagine Apple Inc. as a quintessentially huge machine fuelled by investment, converting labour into value and, via sales, into revenue and profit. John Egan looks beyond…



The Labour Theory of Value

In the works of 19th century political economists, the understanding of the nature of value is of major significance. The Labour Theory of Value is…